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Portrait of Jong BaikJong Baik
Principal Research Scientist
Advanced Energy Research

Phone:
(321) 638-1532
Fax:
(321) 504-3438
Email:


Education:

Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering
University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2002


Research Focus:

Dr. Jong H. Baik is a Principal Research Scientist/Cryogenic Systems Manager at the Advanced Energy Research Division, Florida Solar Energy Center. Since 1996, he has been mainly focusing on cryogenic refrigeration systems engineering and system integration researches using cryocoolers for ground and space applications. Dr. Baik’s main research interests include:

  • Development of hydrogen liquefaction and storage management system
  • Thermo-physical system analysis of the NASA Kennedy Space Center Ground Operations Demonstration Unit for liquid hydrogen
  • Zero boil-off long term liquid/gas hydrogen management for fuel cell and space application
  • Rapid liquid hydrogen evaporation, condensation, compression, and expansion technology for pressure control and long term storage for ground/airborne, space, and fuel cell application
  • Development of the active valve cryocooler for hydrogen and helium liquefaction
  • Development of Stirling type pulse tube refrigerator for hydrogen and helium liquefaction

He was in charge of all the research activities mentioned as a sole PI, and managed the development efforts from scratch. He led all the GM cryocooler related development activities as a thermal and overall system lead and was the entire project decision authority. Dr. Baik demonstrates abundant systems engineering experiences and cryogenic engineering background with more than 20 years of cryogenic engineering practices.

Dr. Baik started his cryogenic refrigeration research in 1996 by developing South Korea’s first hydrogen liquefier from scratch at the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea. He single-handedly developed a lab-scale hydrogen liquefaction and zero boil-off storage system using commercially available GM cryocooler in less than one year. He then moved onto the development of highly efficient GM and Stirling-type pulse tube refrigerator for space application.

Dr. Baik received his doctorate in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Wisconsin - Madison in 2002, and his dissertation topic was ‘the Design Methods in the Active Valve Pulse Tube Refrigerator.’ Since working at FSEC, he has been performing intensive research on liquid hydrogen related systems engineering in all aspects of thermal design, structural analysis, fabrications, and testings. Selected topics includes R&D of cryogenic propellant densification with integrated cryocooler at NASA KSC (NASA GRC), Cryocooler integrated Zero-Boil-Off densified liquid hydrogen storage tank (NASA GRC), Liquid hydrogen calorimeter test and Zero-boil-off test (NASA KSC), and Thermal analysis of NASA KSC GODU Liquid Hydrogen with integrated refrigerator.

hydrogen diagram hydrogen diagram hydrogen diagram hydrogen liquefaction test facility
Hydrogen liquefaction and ZBO storage test facility at FSEC.

Dr. Baik was awarded a multi-year research funding (7/2012-6/2016) from the KIST, South Korea to develop a cryocooler-cooled hydrogen liquefier and cryogen management system. As a sole project decision authority, he led the entire project and successfully demonstrated his outstanding system engineering skills.

Dr. Baik is an author or co-author of more than 50 technical papers and journals in cryogenic system and hydrogen engineering area. He is a member of Cryogenic Society of America (CSA), and serves as a key proposal reviewer of the DOE SBIR/STTR programs, a peer reviewer of Advances in Cryogenic Engineering (API), CEC/ICMC proceedings, and Cryogenics (Elsevier) journal.

Dr. Baik has received The Russell B. Scott Award for The Best Application Paper in 2015 for his paper entitled “Development of 1 L/hr Scale Hydrogen Liquefier Using a Gifford-McMahon Cryocooler”. The Russell B. Scott Award recognizes outstanding research paper in the cryogenic engineering every other year. The award was presented at the 2015 CEC/ICMC Conference to be held in Tucson, AZ in June 2015. Also, he received "The Best Technical Paper in 1998" award for his paper entitled “The Design and Performance Evaluation of an Ortho-Para Hydrogen Conversion Equipment for Hydrogen Liquefaction System” from The Korean Hydrogen Energy Society on January 1999.


The Russel B. Scott Award at the 2015 Cryogenic Engineering Conference, Tucson, AZ
http://www.cec-icmc.org/cec-icmc-2015/program/awards/cec-scott-award/


Selected Research Topics:

  • PI: Thermal management modeling analysis of the NASA Kennedy Space Center Ground Operation Demonstration Unit (GODU) for liquid hydrogen, 2013-2016.
  • PI: Development of the KIST Hydrogen Liquefaction System, 2012-2016.
  • PI: Liquid hydrogen zero-boil-off storage test with integrated refrigeration, NASA Kennedy Space Center- ASRC Aerospace Corporation, 2010-2011.
  • PI: Liquid Hydrogen Colorimeter – Determination of liquid hydrogen boiling curves with heated helium pipes, NASA KSC - ASRC Aerospace Corporation, 2008-2010.
  • PI: Experimental investigation of ZBO (zero-boil-off) densified liquid hydrogen storage tank with integrated refrigeration, NASA Glenn Research Center, 2002-2006.
  • PI: R&D process for increasing density of liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen as cryogenic propellants with integrated refrigerator, NASA-Glenn Research Center, 2002-2005.
  • PI: Techno-economic analysis on the use of densified liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen propellant system, NASA-Glenn Research Center, 2002-2005.
  • Co-PI: Hydrocarbon upgrading study with the Bitumen quantitative investigation, Harris Corporation, 2011-2012.
  • Co-PI: Thermochemical conversion of Biomass to liquid hydrocarbons as a substitute for petroleum based fuels, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Service, 2009-2011.
  • Co-PI: High throughput combinatorial screening of novel metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) for high capacity hydrogen storage, Naval Surface Warfare Center, 2007-2008.
  • Co-PI: Lunar Surface Hydrogen Capture - Metal Hydride System for NASA Kennedy Space Center, ASRC Aerospace Corporation, 2007-2008.
  • Co-PI: Hydrogen Production via Seawater Electrolysis – Development of renewable hydrogen from ocean current generated electricity, Department of Energy, 2009-2010.


Patents:

  1. J,H. Baik et al., “Low heat loss cryogenic equipment using bellows”, KR 10-1415866
  2. J. H. Baik et al., “Hydrogen liquefaction apparatus using dual tube type heat pipe” KR 10-1585825
  3. J. H. Baik et al., “Low heat loss cryogenic fluid storage equipment using multilayered cylindrical support”, KR2015-0016990.
  4. J. H. Baik et al., “A heat loss cryogenic liquid container” KR2015-0053295
  5. J. H. Baik et al., “Cryogenic liquid storage tank with detachable cryocooler”, Pending.
  6. J. H. Baik et al., “Cryogenic rotary blades for heat transfer enhancement”, Pending.
  7. J. H. Baik et al., “Cryogenic purifier using multi-stage cyclone with embedded absorber”, Pending.


Selected Publications:

  1. J. H. Baik, W. U. Notardonato, S. W. Karng, and I. Oh, “Thermo-physical performance prediction of the KSC Ground Operation Demonstration Unit for liquid hydrogen”, IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, CEC2015, Vol.101 (2016) 012110. (http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1757-899X/101/1/012110/meta)
  2. N. Garceau, S. Y. Kim, C. M. Lim, M. J. Cho, K. Y. Kim, and J. H. Baik, “Performance test of a 6 L liquid hydrogen fuel tank for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV),” IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, CEC2015, Vol.101 (2016) 012130. (http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1757-899X/101/1/012130/meta)
  3. N. Garceau, J. H. Baik., C.M. Lim, S.Y. Kim, I. Oh and S.W. Karng, "Development of a Small Hydrogen Liquefaction System," International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 40, No. 35 (2015) pp. 11872-11878. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360319915016602)
  4. J. H. Baik, S. W. Karng, H. Kang, N. Garceau, S. Y. Kim, I.-H. Oh, “Design and operation of a small-scale hydrogen liquefier,” Journal of The Korean Hydrogen and New Energy Society, Vol. 26, No. 2 (2015) pp. 105-113. (http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/proceeding/aipcp/10.1063/1.4860864)
  5. N. Garceau, J. H. Baik., C.M. Lim, S.Y. Kim, I. Oh and S.W. Karng, "Development of a 1 L/hr scale liquid hydrogen system," International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Vol. 23, No. 1 (2015), 1550009-1-7.
  6. Muradov, Nazim; Gujar, Amit; Baik, Jong; T-Raissi, Ali, “Production of Fischer-Tropsch hydrocarbons via oxygen-blown gasification of charred pinewood pellets,” Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 40 (2015) pp. 236-244. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378382015301636)
  7. Baik, J. H.; Notardonato, W.U.; Karng, S. W.; Kim, S. Y.; and Oh, I-H, “Thermo-Fluid Modeling of a Full Scale Liquid Hydrogen Storage System with Integrated Refrigeration,” Cryocoolers (2014), 18, 507-515. (http://cryocooler.org/proceedings/paper-flies/C18papers/064.pdf)
  8. Garceau, N.; Baik, J. H.; Kim, S. Y.; Oh, I. H., Karng, S. W., “Development of a small zero-loss hydrogen liquefaction plant,” Cryocoolers (2014), 18, 517-527. (http://cryocooler.org/proceedings/paper-flies/C18papers/065.pdf)
  9. Baik, J. H.; Karng, S. W.; Garceau, N.; Jang, Y. H.; Lim, C. M.; Kim, S. Y.; Oh, I. H., “Development of 1 L hr-1 scale hydrogen liquefier using Gifford-McMahon (GM) cryocooler,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering (2014), 1573, 1357-1364. (http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/proceeding/aipcp/10.1063/1.4860864)
  10. Gujar, Amit C.; Baik, Jong; Garceau, Nathaniel; Muradov, Nazim; T-Raissi, Ali, “Oxygen-blown gasification of pine charcoal in a top-lit downdraft moving-hearth gasifier,” Fuel (2014), 118, 27-32. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016236113009800)
  11. S. W. Karng, N. Garceau, J. H. Baik, C. M. Lim, S. Y. Kim, and I. Oh, "Development of a 1L/hr scale Liquid Hydrogen System," The 7th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, May 18-21, 2014.
  12. J. Baik, W. Notardonato, S. Karng, S. Kim, and I. Oh, "Thermo-Fluid Modeling of a Full Scale Liquid Hydrogen Storage System with Integrated Refrigeration," International Cryocooler Conference 18, June 9-12, 2014, Syracuse, NY, USA.
  13. N. Garceau, S.W. Karng, C.M. Lim, S.Y. Kim, I.H. Oh and J.H. Baik, "Development of a Small Zero-Loss Hydrogen Liquefaction Plant," International Cryocooler Conference 18, June 9-12, 2014, Syracuse, NY, USA.
  14. J.H. Baik, W.U. Notardonato, S.W. Karng, S.Y. Kim, and I. Oh, "Thermo-Fluid Modeling of the NASA KSC Ground Operations Demonstration Unit," 20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, June 15-20th, 2014, Gwangju, Korea.
  15. N. Garceau, C.M. Lim, S.Y. Kim, I. Oh and J.H. Baik, S.W. Karng, "Development of a Small Hydrogen Liquefaction System," 20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, June 15-20th, 2014, Gwangju, Korea.
  16. S.Y. Kim, Y. Jang, N. Garceau, J,H. Baik, S.W. Karng, I. Oh, "Development Liquified Materials Storage Vessels with Cryogenic Fusion Technologies", The 2nd Workshop, 2013, Converged Research Center for the Liquefied Material Using Magnetic Refrigeration, Jeju, Korea, Feb. 26-27, 2013.
  17. J.H. Baik, "Thermal Analysis and Design Improvement of the KIST Hydrogen Liquefaction System (HLS)", The 2nd Workshop, 2013, Converged Research Center for the Liquefied Material Using Magnetic Refrigeration, Jeju, Korea, Feb. 26-27, 2013.
  18. J.H. Baik, "Design of the KIST Liquefier using GM Cryocooler", The 2nd Workshop, 2013, Converged Research Center for the Liquefied Material Using Magnetic Refrigeration, Jeju, Korea, Feb. 26-27, 2013.
  19. S.Y. Kim, Y. Jang, N. Garceau, J,H. Baik, S.W. Karng, I. Oh, "Hydrogen Liquefaction System and Storage Vessel Design", Self-evaluation Meeting of The 2nd Year of Converged Research Center for the Liquefied Material Using Magnetic Refrigeration, KIST, Korea, May 2, 2013.
  20. N. Garceau, Y. Jang, J.H. Baik, S.Y. Kim, I. Oh, S.W. Karng, "Fabrication of a Hydrogen Liquefier (150 L)", 2013 Spring Conference The Korean Hydrogen and New Energy Society, Chonbuk National Univ., Korea, May, 9-10, 2013.
  21. S.W. Karng, J.H. Baik, N. Garceau, Y.H. Jang, C.M. Lim, S.Y. Kim, and I. Oh, "Performance test of a 5 L liquid hydrogen tank", Cryogenic Engineering Conference-International Cryogenic Materials Conference 2013, Anchorage, Alaska, USA, June 17-21, 2013.
  22. J.H. Baik, S.Y. Kim, S.W. Karng, N. Garceau, Y.H. Jang, C.M. Lim, , and I. Oh, "Development of 1 L hr-1 scale hydrogen liquefier using Gifford-McMahon (GM) cryocooler", Cryogenic Engineering Conference-International Cryogenic Materials Conference 2013, Anchorage, Alaska, USA, June 17-21, 2013.
  23. J. H. Baik, S. W. Karng, N. Garceau, Y. H. Jang, C. M. Lim, S. Y. Kim, and I. H. Oh, "Development of a Small-scale Liquid Hydrogen Plant," Korea Hydrogen and Renewable Energy Society, 2013.
  24. S.Y. Kim, H. Seo, H.S. Han, J,H. Baik, S.W. Karng, I. Oh, "Development of Cryogenic Vessel with Hydrogen Permeation Protection and Super Insulation", The 1st Workshop, 2012, Converged Research Center for the Liquefied Material Using Magnetic Refrigeration, Busan, Korea, March, 18-19, 2012.
  25. H. Seo, H.S. Han, J.H. Baik, S.W. Karng, S.Y. Kim, "Development of Hydrogen Liquefaction System", 2012 Spring Conference The Korean Hydrogen and New Energy Society, KIST, Korea, May. 2-3, 2012.
  26. S.W. Karng, J.H. Baik, "Thermal Analysis and Design Improvement of the KIST Hydrogen Liquefaction System (HLS)", Kick-off Meeting of The 2nd Year of Converged Research Center for the Liquefied Material Using Magnetic Refrigeration, KIST, Korea, June 20, 2012.
  27. S.Y. Kim, Y. Jang, N. Garceau, J,H. Baik, S.W. Karng, I. Oh, "Hydrogen Liquefaction System and Storage Vessel Design", The 34th Academy-Research-Industry Research Results Exchange Meeting, KIST Convention Hall, Korea, Dec. 7, 2012.
  28. S.W. Karng, J.H. Baik, "R&D Status on LH2 Manufacture & Storage in USA", The 2nd Waseda-KIST Joint Workshop, Japan, Dec. 14, 2012.
  29. Mohajeri, Nahid; T-Raissi, Ali; Baik, Jong, “TG/DTA of hydrogen reduction kinetics of TiO2 supported PdO chemochromic pigments,” Thermochimica Acta (2011), 518(1-2), 119-122.
  30. J. Baik, “Zero-Boil-Off Liquid Hydrogen Tanks,” NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) NASA/CR 2009-215441, NASA Glenn Research Center, Feb 2009 (http://www.nttc.edu/sbipp/technologyportfolios/portfolios/ISS-Propellant_T-S/Archive%5C20090021325.pdf)
  31. Choi, Pyoungho; Mittal, Vishal; Baik, Jong; Slattery, Darlene K.; Bonville, Leonard J.; Kunz, H. Russell; Fenton, James M., “Self-humidification of PEM fuel cells by internal humidity exchanger,” Abstracts of Papers, 234th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, United States, August 19-23, 2007 (2007), FUEL-049.
  32. Agarwal, Rohit; Mohajeri, Nahid; Slattery, Darlene K.; Baik, Jong; Fenton, James M., “Effect of relative humidity on the stabilized Nafion/phosphotungstic acid composite membranes during fabrication process,” Abstracts of Papers, 234th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, United States, August 19-23, 2007 (2007), FUEL-043.
  33. Choi, Pyoungho; Mittal, Vishal; Baik, Jong; Slattery, Darlene; Bonville, Leonard; Kunz, Russell H.; Fenton, James, “Self humidification of PEM fuel cells by internal humidity exchanger,” American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry (2007), 52(2), 334-335.
  34. Agarwal, R.; Mohajeri, N.; Slattery, D. K.; Baik, J.; Fenton, James M., “Effect of relative humidity on the stabilized nafion/phosphotungstic acid composite membranes during fabrication process,” American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry (2007), 52(2), 321-322.
  35. Elbaccouch, Mohamed M.; Ramasamy, Karthikeyan K.; Baik, Jong; T-Raissi, Ali, “Aspen Plus process design for the liquid hydrogen production by steam reforming of used automotive lubricating oil,” AIChE Spring National Meeting, Conference Proceedings, Orlando, FL, United States, Apr. 23-27, 2006 (2006).
  36. Mohajeri, Nahid; Adebiyi, Olawale; Baik, Jong; Bokerman, Gary; T-Raissi, Ali, “An ammonia-borane based hydrogen storage system for portable applications,” 232nd ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA, United States, Sept. 10-14, 2006 (2006), FUEL-103.
  37. Mohajeri, Nahid; Adebiyi, Olawale; Baik, Jong; Bokerman, Gary; T-Raissi, Ali, “An ammonia-borane based hydrogen storage system for portable applications,” American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry (2006), 51(2), 520-521.
  38. Baik, J. H.; Notardonato, W. U., “Initial test results of laboratory scale hydrogen liquefaction and densification system,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering (2006), 823, 1530-1537.
  39. Notardonato, W. U.; Baik, J. H.; McIntosh, G. E., “Operational testing of densified hydrogen using G-M refrigeration,”  Advances in Cryogenic Engineering (2004), 710, 64-71.
  40. Baik, J. H.; Nellis, G. F.; Pfotenhauer, J. M., “Analysis of loss mechanisms in G-M type pulse tube refrigerators,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering (2004), 710, 1451-1458.
  41. Baik, Jong H.; T-Raissi, Ali, “R&D processes for increasing density of cryogenic propellants at FSEC,” Cryogenics (2004), 44(6-8), 451-458.
  42. Baik, J. H.; Pfotenhauer, J. M., “Analysis of the shuttle heat loss mechanism in GM type pulse tube refrigerators,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering (2002), 613, 926-933.
  43. Chang, H. -M.; Baik, J. H., “An exact expression for shuttle heat transfer,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering (1996), 41(Pt. B), 1535-1542.
  44. Baik, Jong Hoon; Chang, Ho-Myung, “An exact solution for shuttle heat transfer,” Cryogenics (1995), 35(1), 9-13.